Dating a female black belt
Newsreel in which Kathleen Cleaver spoke at Hutton Memorial Park in Alameda County, California.
As the wartime jobs which drew much of the black migration "fled to the suburbs along with white residents", the black population was concentrated in poor "urban ghettos" with high unemployment, and substandard housing, mostly excluded from political representation, top universities, and the middle class. Insurgent civil rights practices proved incapable of redressing these conditions, and the organizations that had "led much of the nonviolent civil disobedience" such as SNCC and CORE went into decline.
Black Panther Party members were involved in many fatal firefights with police including Huey Newton allegedly killing officer John Frey in 1967 and the 1968 Eldridge Cleaver led ambush of Oakland police officers which wounded two officers and killed Panther Bobby Hutton.
The party was also involved in many internal conflicts including the murders of Alex Rackley and Betty Van Patter.
Original six members of the Black Panther Party (1966) Top left to right: Elbert "Big Man" Howard, Huey P.
Newton (Defense Minister), Sherwin Forte, Bobby Seale (Chairman) Bottom: Reggie Forte and Little Bobby Hutton (Treasurer).