States mandating vaccines
From this realisation arises a difficult issue: how should the mainstream medical authorities approach the anti-vaccination movement?A passive reaction could be construed as endangering the health of society, whereas a heavy-handed approach can threaten the values of individual liberty and freedom of expression that we cherish." Investigation of different types of vaccination policy finds strong evidence that standing orders and allowing healthcare workers without prescription authority (such as nurses) to administer vaccines in defined circumstances increases vaccination rates, and sufficient evidence that requiring vaccinations before attending child care and school does so.Failure to comply results in a fine and compliance rates top 95%, Kraigher says, adding that for nonmandatory vaccines, such as the one for human papilloma virus, coverage is below 50%.Mandatory vaccination against measles was introduced in 1968 and since 1978, all children receive two doses of vaccine with a compliance rate of more than 95%.In Malaysia, mass vaccination is practised in public schools.The vaccines may be administered by a school nurse or a team of other medical staff from outside the school.
Rational individuals will attempt to minimize the risk of illness, and will seek vaccination for themselves or their children if they perceive a high threat of disease and a low risk to vaccination.
The policy is supported by a majority of Australian parents as well as the Australian Medical Association (AMA) and Early Childhood Australia.
In 2014, about 97 percent of children under 7 years have been vaccinated, though the number of conscientious objectors to vaccination has increased by 24,000 to 39,000 over the past decade.
Some governments pay all or part of the costs of vaccinations in a national vaccination schedule.
Vaccination policies aim to produce immunity to preventable diseases.